Differential messenger RNA gradients in the unicellular alga Acetabularia acetabulum. Role of the cytoskeleton.
Gießen, Germany. In Plant Physiol, 2002
Four mRNA classes were distinguished: those that were uniformly distributed (small subunit of Rubisco, actin-1, ADP-glucose, centrin, and alpha- and beta-tubulin), those that expressed apical/basal (calmodulin-4) or basal/apical gradients (calmodulin-2 and a Ran-G protein), and those with development-specific patterns of distribution (mitogen-activated protein kinase, actin-2, and UDP-glucose-epimerase). Restoration of the apical/basal calmodulin-4 mRNA gradient after amputation of the apical region of the cell requires the nucleus and was abolished by cytochalasin D. Accumulation of actin-1 mRNA in the vicinity of the wound set by the amputation needs, likewise, the presence of the nucleus and was also inhibited by cytochalasin.
Two calmodulins in Naegleria flagellates: characterization, intracellular segregation, and programmed regulation of mRNA abundance during differentiation.
In J Cell Biol, 1986
Calmodulin-1, localized in flagella, has an apparent molecular weight of approximately 16,000, approximately the size of other protozoan calmodulins, whereas calmodulin-2, localized in cell bodies, is 15,300.