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proteins. Page last changed on 31 Mar 2015.
SWI/SNF related, matrix associated, actin dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily a, member 4
BRG1, SNF2, BRM, SWI2, MLC1
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the SWI/SNF family of proteins and is similar to the brahma protein of Drosophila. Members of this family have helicase and ATPase activities and are thought to regulate transcription of certain genes by altering the chromatin structure around those genes. The encoded protein is part of the large ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complex SNF/SWI, which is required for transcriptional activation of genes normally repressed by chromatin. In addition, this protein can bind BRCA1, as well as regulate the expression of the tumorigenic protein CD44. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Imbalzano et al., Worcester, United States. In J Cell Physiol, 21 Apr 2015
UNASSIGNED: The Brahma (BRM) and Brahma-related Gene 1 (BRG1) ATPases are highly conserved homologues that catalyze the chromatin remodeling functions of the multi-subunit human SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling enzymes in a mutually exclusive manner.
HSF1-SSBP1 complex then enhances their induction by facilitating the recruitment of a chromatin-remodelling factor BRG1, and supports cell survival and the maintenance of mitochondrial membrane potential against proteotoxic stresses.
GlialCAM acts a regulator of subcellular traffic of MLC1, a protein with unknown function involved in the pathogenesis of megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC), a rare neurological condition.
Crabtree et al., Stanford, United States. In Nature, 2013
Several proteins dedicated to this multisubunit complex, including BRG1 (also known as SMARCA4) and BAF250a (also known as ARID1A), are mutated at frequencies similar to those of recognized tumour suppressors.
Bultman et al., Chapel Hill, United States. In Circ Res, 2012
Brm functionally compensates for Brg1 in vivo and that there are significant changes in the relative importance of BRG1- and BRM-catalyzed SWI/SNF complexes during the development of an essential cell lineage.
Georgieva et al., Moscow, Russia. In Nucleic Acids Res, 2012
In the repressed state of the ftz-f1 gene, the Pol II complex is pre-recruited on the promoter; Pol II starts transcription but is paused 1.5 kb downstream of the promoter, with SAYP and Brahma forming a nucleosomal barrier ahead of paused Pol II.