NTRK fusion oncogenes in pediatric papillary thyroid carcinoma in northeast United States.
Bologna, Italy. In Cancer, 19 Feb 2016
Six of 27 PTCs (22%) had ret proto-oncogene (RET) fusions (RET/PTC1, n = 5; RET/PTC3, n = 1); 2 tumors measured >2 cm and diffusely involved the thyroid, and 5 had lymphatic invasion, with vascular invasion in 2. Thirteen PTCs had the B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase (BRAF) valine-to-glutamic acid mutation at position 600 (BRAF(V) (600E) ) (13 of 27 tumors; 48%), 11 measured <2 cm, and 6 had lymphatic invasion (46%), with vascular invasion in 3. Fusion oncogene tumors, compared with BRAF(V) (600E) PTCs, were associated with large size (mean, 2.2 cm vs 1.5 cm, respectively; P = .05),
B-Raf Inhibition in the Clinic: Present and Future.
Houston, United States. In Annu Rev Med, 14 Feb 2016
Somatic activating mutations in the B-Raf kinase (BRAF mutations) are present in hairy-cell leukemia, cutaneous melanoma, thyroid carcinomas and, less commonly, in ovarian, colon, lung, and other malignancies.
The mutational landscape of cutaneous T cell lymphoma and Sézary syndrome.
New York City, United States. In Nat Genet, 31 Dec 2015
Mutation analysis identified a broad spectrum of somatic mutations in key genes involved in epigenetic regulation (TET2, CREBBP, KMT2D (MLL2), KMT2C (MLL3), BRD9, SMARCA4 and CHD3) and signaling, including MAPK1, BRAF, CARD11 and PRKG1 mutations driving increased MAPK, NF-κB and NFAT activity upon T cell receptor stimulation.
Overview of fundamental study of pazopanib in cancer.
Tianjin, China. In Thorac Cancer, 2014
In an vitro study, pazopanib exerted anti-tumor effect through mechanisms including the Raf-MAPK/ERK (MEK)-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway, and directly targeted on v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (B-raf) as well.