The role of zinc in genomic stability.
Adelaide, Australia. In Mutat Res, 2012
Zn is an essential cofactor or structural component for important antioxidant defence proteins and DNA repair enzymes such as Cu/Zn SOD, OGG1, APE and PARP and may also affect activities of enzymes such as BHMT and MTR involved in methylation reactions in the folate-methionine cycle.
Vitamin B6 deficiency, genome instability and cancer.
Kunming, China. In Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2011
It comprises a group of three related 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-pyrimidine derivatives: pyridoxine (PN), pyridoxal (PL), pyridoxamine (PM) and their phosphorylated derivatives [pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) and pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate (PMP)], In the folate metabolism pathway, PLP is a cofactor for the mitochondrial and cytoplasmic isozymes of serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT2 and SHMT1), the P-protein of the glycine cleavage system, cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) and γ-cystathionase, and betaine hydroxymethyltransferase (BHMT), all of which contribute to homocysteine metabolism either through folate- mediated one-carbon metabolism or the transsulfuration pathway.
The human crystallin gene families.
Bethesda, United States. In Hum Genomics, 2011
In the developing human lens, the enzyme betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase serves such a role.