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proteins. Page last changed on 21 May 2016.
Spectrin, beta, non-erythrocytic 4
betaIV spectrin, beta4-spectrin
Spectrin is an actin crosslinking and molecular scaffold protein that links the plasma membrane to the actin cytoskeleton, and functions in the determination of cell shape, arrangement of transmembrane proteins, and organization of organelles. It is composed of two antiparallel dimers of alpha- and beta- subunits. This gene is one member of a family of beta-spectrin genes. The encoded protein localizes to the nuclear matrix, PML nuclear bodies, and cytoplasmic vesicles. A highly similar gene in the mouse is required for localization of specific membrane proteins in polarized regions of neurons. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Lewis et al., Pittsburgh, United States. In Neuropsychopharmacology, 2009
To understand the nature and functional significance of these alterations, we determined the density, laminar distribution, and length of AIS immunoreactive (IR) for ankryin-G and betaIV spectrin, two proteins involved in the regulation of synapse structure and ion channel clustering at AIS, in dlPFC area 46 from 14 matched triads of subjects with schizophrenia or major depressive disorder (MDD) and normal comparison participants.
Lewis et al., Pittsburgh, United States. In J Comp Neurol, 2009
In order to understand the potential molecular mechanisms associated with these developmental refinements, we quantified the relative densities, laminar distributions, and lengths of pyramidal neuron AIS immunoreactive for ankyrin-G, betaIV spectrin, or gephyrin, three proteins involved in regulating synapse structure and receptor localization, in the PFC of rhesus monkeys ranging in age from birth through adulthood.
Rasband et al., Farmington, United States. In J Cell Biol, 2007
In addition to ion channels, these domains are characterized by cell adhesion molecules (CAMs; neurofascin-186 [NF-186] and neuron glia-related CAM [NrCAM]), cytoskeletal proteins (ankyrinG and betaIV spectrin), and the extracellular chondroitin-sulfate proteoglycan brevican.
Immunohistochemical staining with a 4.1G-specific antibody and double immunolabeling with E-cadherin, betaIV spectrin, and connexin 32 detected 4.1G in paranodal loops, Schmidt-Lanterman incisures, and periaxonal, mesaxonal, and abaxonal membranes of rodent sciatic nerve.
NF-Fc significantly inhibited nodal clustering of Na+ channels, ankyrin G, and betaIV spectrin, and modestly reduced Caspr clustering at paranodal junctions; it did not significantly affect lengths or numbers of myelin-positive segments, axon initial segments, or accumulations of phosphorylated-ERM proteins in Schwann cell nodal microvilli.
Rasband et al., Farmington, United States. In J Neurosci, 2004
To investigate the molecular organization of nodes, we analyzed qv(3J)"quivering" mice, whose betaIV spectrins have a truncated proline-rich "specific" domain (SD) and lack the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain.
Austin et al., United States. In Hum Mol Genet, 2003
DISC1 interacts by yeast two-hybrid, mammalian two-hybrid, and co-immunoprecipitation assays with multiple proteins of the centrosome and cytoskeletal system, including MIPT3, MAP1A and NUDEL; proteins which localize receptors to membranes, including alpha-actinin2 and beta4-spectrin; and proteins which transduce signals from membrane receptors, including ATF4 and ATF5.