Breast cancer genes: beyond BRCA1 and BRCA2.
Spain. In Front Biosci, 2012
Moreover, a combination of family-based and population-based approaches indicated that genes involved in DNA repair, such as CHEK2, ATM, BRIP1 (FANCJ), PALB2 (FANCN) and RAD51C (FANCO), are associated with moderate BC risk.
Oxidative stress in Fanconi anaemia: from cells and molecules towards prospects in clinical management.
Napoli, Italy. In Biol Chem, 2012
Some FA gene products involved in redox homeostasis can be summarized as follows: (a) FANCA, FANCC, and FANCG interact with cytochrome P450-related activities and/or respond to oxidative damage; (b) FANCD2 in OS response interacts with forkhead box O3 and ataxia telangiectasia mutated protein; (c) FANCG is found in mitochondria and interacts with PRDX3, and FA-G cells display distorted mitochondria and decreased peroxidase activity; (d) FANCJ (BACH1/BRIP1) is a repressor of haeme oxygenase-1 gene and senses oxidative base damage; (e) antioxidants, such as tempol and resveratrol decrease cancer incidence and haematopoietic defects in Fancd2(-/-) mice.
Mutations in BRIP1 confer high risk of ovarian cancer.
Reykjavík, Iceland. In Nat Genet, 2011
We discovered a rare (0.41% allelic frequency) frameshift mutation, c.2040_2041insTT, in the BRIP1 (FANCJ) gene that confers an increase in ovarian cancer risk (odds ratio (OR) = 8.13, P = 2.8 × 10(-14)).
Structure of the DNA repair helicase XPD.
Saint Andrews, United Kingdom. In Cell, 2008
The XPD helicase (Rad3 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae) is a component of transcription factor IIH (TFIIH), which functions in transcription initiation and Nucleotide Excision Repair in eukaryotes, catalyzing DNA duplex opening localized to the transcription start site or site of DNA damage, respectively.