A lipid switch unlocks Parkinson's disease-associated ATP13A2.
Leuven, Belgium. In Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, Aug 2015
ATP13A2 is a lysosomal P-type transport ATPase that has been implicated in Kufor-Rakeb syndrome and Parkinson's disease (PD), providing protection against α-synuclein, Mn(2+), and Zn(2+) toxicity in various model systems.
The endosomal pathway in Parkinson's disease.
Oxford, United Kingdom. In Mol Cell Neurosci, May 2015
In this review, we summarized the evidence that a number of Parkinson's associated genetic mutations or polymorphisms (LRRK2, VPS35, GBA, ATP13A2, ATP6AP2, DNAJC13/RME-8, RAB7L1, GAK) disrupt protein trafficking and degradation via the endosomal pathway and discussed how such defects could arise from or contribute to the accumulation and misfolding of α-synuclein in Lewy bodies.
A current review for biological monitoring of manganese with exposure, susceptibility, and response biomarkers.
Seoul, South Korea. In J Environ Sci Health C Environ Carcinog Ecotoxicol Rev, May 2015
In this study, we review current statuses of Mn exposure via various exposure routes including food, high susceptible population, effects of genetic polymorphisms of metabolic enzymes or transporters (CYP2D6, PARK9, SLC30A10, etc.), alterations of the Mn-responsive proteins (i.e., glutamine synthetase, Mn-SOD, metallothioneins, and divalent metal trnsporter1), and epigenetic changes due to the Mn exposure.
Potential Biomarkers of the Earliest Clinical Stages of Parkinson's Disease.
Moscow, Russia. In Parkinsons Dis, Dec 2014
An analysis of the mRNA levels of ATP13A2, PARK2, PARK7, PINK1, LRRK2, SNCA, ALDH1A1, PDHB, PPARGC1A, and ZNF746 genes in the peripheral blood of patients was carried out using reverse transcription followed by real-time PCR.
Peripheral neuropathy and parkinsonism: a large clinical and pathogenic spectrum.
Bordeaux, France. In J Peripher Nerv Syst, Dec 2014
Rarely, an association of parkinsonism with PN may be encountered in other neurodegenerative diseases such as fragile X-associated tremor and ataxia syndrome related to premutation CGG repeat expansion in the fragile X mental retardation (FMR1) gene, Machado-Joseph disease related to an abnormal CAG repeat expansion in ataxin-3 (ATXN3) gene, Kufor-Rakeb syndrome caused by mutations in ATP13A2 gene, or in hereditary systemic disorders such as Gaucher disease due to mutations in the β-glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene and Chediak-Higashi syndrome due to LYST gene mutations.