High-density lipoproteins put out the fire.
New York City, United States. In Cell Metab, Mar 2014
(2013), now report that high-density lipoproteins (HDL) can reprogram macrophages to be less inflammatory through an ATF3-dependent pathway, providing another mechanistic basis for the atheroprotective properties of HDL.
Aetiology of hypospadias: a systematic review of genes and environment.
Nijmegen, Netherlands. In Hum Reprod Update, 2012
Studies screening groups of patients with hypospadias for single gene defects found mutations in WT1, SF1, BMP4, BMP7, HOXA4, HOXB6, FGF8, FGFR2, AR, HSD3B2, SRD5A2, ATF3, MAMLD1, MID1 and BNC2.
ATF3 inhibits adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells.
Yangsan, South Korea. In Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2012
these results demonstrate that ATF3 represses the C/EBPalpha gene, resulting in inhibition of adipocyte differentiation, and thus plays a role in hypoxia-mediated inhibition of adipocyte differentiation.
Screening for adiponectin secretion regulators.
Ōsaka, Japan. In Vitam Horm, 2011
On the other hand, transcription factors such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ), CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein α, and forkhead box O1 (FoxO1) upregulate adiponectin expression, although the activating transcription factor 3 and cAMP response element-binding protein downregulate it.