Cadmium and cellular signaling cascades: interactions between cell death and survival pathways.
Witten, Germany. In Arch Toxicol, Oct 2013
Severe ROS/Ca(2+) signals activate cell death effectors (ceramides, ASK1-JNK/p38, calpains, caspases) and/or cause irreversible damage to vital organelles, such as mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum (ER), whereas low localized ROS/Ca(2+) levels act as 2nd messengers promoting cellular adaptation and survival through signal transduction (ERK1/2, PI3K/Akt-PKB) and transcriptional regulators (Ref1-Nrf2, NF-κB, Wnt, AP-1, bestrophin-3).
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide signaling in pancreatic β-cells and adipocytes.
Vancouver, Canada. In J Diabetes Investig, 2012
Recent studies have shown that inhibition of the kinase apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) by GIP plays a key role in reducing mitochondria-induced apoptosis in β-cells through protein kinase B (PKB)-mediated pathways, and that GIP-induced post-translational modification of voltage- dependent K(+) (Kv) channels also contributes to its prosurvival role.