Lacritin and other autophagy associated proteins in ocular surface health.
Hyderābād, India. In Exp Eye Res, Mar 2016
Mutation of arylsulfatase A, arylsulfatase B, ceroid-lipofuscinosis neuronal 3, mucolipin, or Niemann-Pick disease type C1 respectively underlie several diseases of apparently insufficient autophagic flux that affect the eye, including: metachromatic leukodystrophy, mucopolysaccharidosis type VI, juvenile-onset Batten disease, mucolipidosis IV, and Niemann-Pick type C associated with myelin sheath destruction of corneal sensory and ciliary nerves and of the optic nerve; corneal clouding, ocular hypertension, glaucoma and optic nerve atrophy; accumulation of 'ceroid-lipofuscin' in surface conjunctival cells, and in ganglion and neuronal cells; decreased visual acuity and retinal dystrophy; and neurodegeneration.
Mutation Update of ARSA and PSAP Genes Causing Metachromatic Leukodystrophy.
Milano, Italy. In Hum Mutat, Jan 2016
The disease is caused by variants in the ARSA gene, which codes for the lysosomal enzyme arylsulfatase A, or, more rarely, in the PSAP gene, which codes for the activator protein saposin B. In this Mutation Update, an extensive review of all the ARSA- and PSAP-causative variants published in the literature to date, accounting for a total of 200 ARSA and 10 PSAP allele types, is presented.
Metachromatic leukodystrophy: Disease spectrum and approaches for treatment.
Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab, Mar 2015
Metachromatic leukodystrophy is an inherited lysosomal disorder caused by recessive mutations in ARSA encoding arylsulfatase A. Low activity of arylsulfatase A results in the accumulation of sulfatides in the central and peripheral nervous system leading to demyelination.
[The blood-brain barrier and neurodegenerative lysosomal storage diseases].
Houston, United States. In Brain Nerve, 2013
This review explores pharmacological manipulations for the delivery of lysosomal enzymes into the CNS, and the mechanisms of their transport across the BBB, based on existing evidence from studies of β-glucuronidase, sulfamidase, acid α-glucosidase, and arylsulfatase A.
Developing therapeutic approaches for metachromatic leukodystrophy.
Baltimore, United States. In Drug Des Devel Ther, 2012
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal disorder caused by the deficiency of arylsulfatase A (ASA), resulting in impaired degradation of sulfatide, an essential sphingolipid of myelin.