Foroud et al., Indianapolis, United States. In Addict Biol, May 2015
One SNP, rs2567261 in ARHGAP28 (Rho GTPase-activating protein 28), was associated with QUANTDEP (P = 3.8 × 10(-8) ), and supported by imputed SNPs in the region, but did not replicate in an independent sample (SAGE; P = 0.29).
Several genes involved in cell adhesion (CD44, LOX), cell division (CKS2, BIRC5 and UBE2C), cell differentiation (Notch1) or signal transduction (ARHGAP28) were upregulated, whereas tumour suppressor genes (LR1B, DRR1, PLZF, GPX3, SYNPO, TIMP3 and HOPS) and genes involved in cell adhesion (PROS1), proliferation (SERPINF1 and PDGFD) and differentiation (AOX1) were downregulated in groups B and C compared to group A. In the benign tumours, we identified genes with signatures specific for fibroblastic meningiomas (FBLN1, Tenascin C and MMP2 encoding extracellular matrix proteins) and for meningothelial meningiomas (MLPH, DEFB1 and FAT3), suggesting different mechanisms involved in the tumorigenesis of these subtypes.