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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 15 Apr 2016.

Apolipoprotein B

apolipoprotein B, apoB, Apolipoprotein B-100, apoB-100
This gene product is the main apolipoprotein of chylomicrons and low density lipoproteins. It occurs in plasma as two main isoforms, apoB-48 and apoB-100: the former is synthesized exclusively in the gut and the latter in the liver. The intestinal and the hepatic forms of apoB are encoded by a single gene from a single, very long mRNA. The two isoforms share a common N-terminal sequence. The shorter apoB-48 protein is produced after RNA editing of the apoB-100 transcript at residue 2180 (CAA->UAA), resulting in the creation of a stop codon, and early translation termination. Mutations in this gene or its regulatory region cause hypobetalipoproteinemia, normotriglyceridemic hypobetalipoproteinemia, and hypercholesterolemia due to ligand-defective apoB, diseases affecting plasma cholesterol and apoB levels. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: HDL, HAD, AGE, ACID, CAN
Papers using apolipoprotein B antibodies
siRNA off-target effects can be reduced at concentrations that match their individual potency
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Harada-Shiba Mariko et al., In Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids, 2010
... Membranes were then incubated with primary antibody for mouse apoB-100 or -48 (Meridian Life Science, Inc., Saco, ME) for ...
Anionic phospholipids lose their procoagulant properties when incorporated into high density lipoproteins
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Reitsma Pieter H., In PLoS ONE, 2008
... the goat polyclonal IgG to human apolipoprotein A-II and the goat polyclonal IgG to human apolipoprotein B were from Abcam (Cambridge, UK) ...
Hepatic expression of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein and in vivo secretion of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins are increased in obese diabetic mice.
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Polidori Carlo, In PLoS ONE, 2001
... Seven-week-old male C57Bl/6 and human apoB-transgenic mice (B6.SJL-Tg(APOB)1102Sgy-mice backcrossed to ...
A third-generation lentivirus vector with a conditional packaging system.
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Lindenbach Brett D., In PLoS Pathogens, 1997
... Antibodies were obtained from the following companies: Apolipoprotein B (Millipore); PLA2G4A (Abcam ...
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Papers on apolipoprotein B
Basal and insulin-regulated VLDL1 and VLDL2 kinetics in men with type 2 diabetes.
New
Nielsen et al., Århus, Denmark. In Diabetologia, Feb 2016
VLDL1 and VLDL2 particle size (TG/apolipoprotein B [apoB] ratio) and apoB-100 concentration were unaltered by hyperinsulinaemia in men with type 2 diabetes, but significantly reduced in healthy men.
Experimental Animal Models Evaluating the Causal Role of Lipoprotein(a) in Atherosclerosis and Aortic Stenosis.
New
Tsimikas et al., San Diego, United States. In Cardiovasc Drugs Ther, Feb 2016
Mouse models need to be transgenic for both apo(a) and human apolipoprotein B-100 since apo(a) does not covalently associated with mouse apoB to form Lp(a).
Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Levels in Patients with Anorexia Nervosa after Oral Re-alimentation: A Systematic Review and Exploratory Meta-analysis.
Review
New
Correll et al., Padova, Italy. In Eur Eat Disord Rev, Jan 2016
This weight gain was followed by a significant increase in serum levels of the antioxidant albumin (studies = 6, SMD = 0.50, 95%CI = 0.18; 0.82, p = 0.002; I(2)  = 16%) and a significant decrease in the oxidative stress marker Apolipoprotein B (studies = 2, n = 19, SMD = -0.85, 95%CI = -1.53; -0.17, p = 0.01; I(2)  = 0).
Lipoprotein apheresis: present and future uses.
New
Moriarty, Kansas City, United States. In Curr Opin Lipidol, Dec 2015
RECENT FINDINGS: Lipoprotein apheresis lowers not only plasma levels of apolipoprotein B lipoproteins but also markers of vascular inflammation and blood rheology.
What does the future hold for cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibition?
New
Kastelein et al., Naarden, Netherlands. In Curr Opin Lipidol, Dec 2015
These studies have confirmed the proatherogenic role of apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins and triglycerides and renewed our interest for lipoprotein(a) as a significant and causal predictor of cardiovascular risk.
Therapeutic Management of Familial Hypercholesterolemia: Current and Emerging Drug Therapies.
Review
New
Savelloni et al., Philadelphia, United States. In Pharmacotherapy, Dec 2015
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder characterized by significantly elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations that result from mutations of the LDL receptor, apolipoprotein B (apo B-100), and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9).
Bioactivity of genistein: A review of in vitro and in vivo studies.
Review
New
Farooqi et al., New Delhi, India. In Biomed Pharmacother, Dec 2015
Apolipoprotein B secretion gets reduced when the subjects are administered with genistein.
Meta-analysis of lipid-traits in Hispanics identifies novel loci, population-specific effects, and tissue-specific enrichment of eQTLs.
New
Valladares-Salgado et al., Houston, United States. In Sci Rep, Dec 2015
Genome-wide significant signals were observed in or near CELSR2, ZNF259/APOA5, KANK2/DOCK6 and NCAN/MAU2 for total cholesterol, LPL, ABCA1, ZNF259/APOA5, LIPC and CETP for HDL cholesterol, CELSR2, APOB and NCAN/MAU2 for LDL cholesterol, and GCKR, TRIB1, ZNF259/APOA5 and NCAN/MAU2 for triglycerides.
[Position of lipoprotein apheresis in present].
Review
New
Sobotka et al., In Vnitr Lek, Nov 2015
These compounds act either by reducing low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol production by inhibiting apolipoprotein B synthesis with an antisense oligonucleotide (mipomersen), or by inhibiting microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (lomitapid), or by enhancing LDL catabolism via monoclonal antibody-mediated inhibition of the activity of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9 - alirocumab, evolocumab etc).
JCL roundtable: Apolipoproteins as causative elements in vascular disease.
Review
New
Sniderman et al., Atlanta, United States. In J Clin Lipidol, Nov 2015
The number of particles containing apolipoprotein B (apoB) can be abnormally high with a value for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, which is within our guidelines.
Antisense therapy targeting apolipoprotein(a): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 1 study.
New
Impact
Witztum et al., San Diego, United States. In Lancet, Nov 2015
Similar reductions were observed in the amount of oxidized phospholipids associated with apolipoprotein B-100 and apolipoprotein(a).
Association between familial hypercholesterolemia and prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
New
Impact
Hovingh et al., Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Jama, Apr 2015
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor mutations were considered more severe than apolipoprotein B gene (APOB) mutations, and receptor-negative LDL receptor mutations were considered more severe than receptor-deficient mutations.
Hypermutation in human cancer genomes: footprints and mechanisms.
Review
Impact
Gordenin et al., In Nat Rev Cancer, 2014
This major expansion of cancer mutation data sets has provided unprecedented statistical power for the analysis of mutation spectra, which has confirmed several classical sources of mutation in cancer, highlighted new prominent mutation sources (such as apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme catalytic polypeptide-like (APOBEC) enzymes) and empowered the search for cancer drivers.
A 52-week placebo-controlled trial of evolocumab in hyperlipidemia.
Impact
DESCARTES Investigators et al., Stellenbosch, South Africa. In N Engl J Med, 2014
Evolocumab treatment also significantly reduced levels of apolipoprotein B, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, lipoprotein(a), and triglycerides.
The combined hyperlipidemia caused by impaired Wnt-LRP6 signaling is reversed by Wnt3a rescue.
Review
Impact
Mani et al., New Haven, United States. In Cell Metab, 2014
Further investigation showed that LRP6(R611C) mutation triggers hepatic de novo lipogenesis, lipid and cholesterol biosynthesis, and apoB secretion by an Sp1-dependent activation of IGF1, AKT, and both mTORC1 and mTORC2.
Hepatic sortilin regulates both apolipoprotein B secretion and LDL catabolism.
GeneRIF
Rader et al., Philadelphia, United States. In J Clin Invest, 2012
model in which increased hepatic sortilin binds intracellular APOB-containing particles in the Golgi apparatus as well as extracellular LDL at the plasma membrane and traffics them to the lysosome for degradation
Elevated ApoB serum levels strongly predict early cardiovascular events.
GeneRIF
de Faire et al., Stockholm, Sweden. In Heart, 2012
Data indicate that increased ApoB serum levels are important predictors of early cardiovascular events.
ApoB-containing lipoproteins regulate angiogenesis by modulating expression of VEGF receptor 1.
Impact
GeneRIF
Yaniv et al., Israel. In Nat Med, 2012
found that ApoB negatively regulates angiogenesis and that it is the ApoB protein particle
A prospective genetic marker of the visual-perception disorder Meares-Irlen syndrome.
GeneRIF
Watson et al., Armidale, Australia. In Percept Mot Skills, 2012
APOB 3' VNTR locus is a potential marker for susceptibility to Meares-Irlen syndrome and perhaps other related conditions
Synthesis, conformation and vibrational dynamics of the peptide -Ser-Cys-Lys-Leu-Asp-Phe-, a fragment of apolipoprotein B.
GeneRIF
Vijai Prakash et al., Lucknow, India. In Indian J Biochem Biophys, 2002
Synthesis, conformation and vibrational dynamics of the peptide -Ser-Cys-Lys-Leu-Asp-Phe-, a fragment of apolipoprotein B
More papers using apolipoprotein B antibodies
Multiply attenuated lentiviral vector achieves efficient gene delivery in vivo.
Supplier
Lindenbach Brett, In PLoS ONE, 1996
... Heart Institute (University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), anti-apoB (clone 1609) monoclonal antibodies and peroxidase-conjugated goat anti-apoB antibodies were from Biodesign (Saco, ME, USA) ...
PKC gamma mutant mice exhibit mild deficits in spatial and contextual learning
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Skoulakis Efthimios M. C., In PLoS ONE, 1992
... ApoB-100 transgenic mice were produced in ...
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