Effects of alcohol and polyphenols from beer on atherosclerotic biomarkers in high cardiovascular risk men: A randomized feeding trial.
Barcelona, Spain. In Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, 02 Sep 2014
Moderate alcohol consumption increased serum HDL-cholesterol (∼5%), ApoA-I (∼6%), ApoA-II (∼7%) and adiponectin (∼7%), and decreased serum fibrinogen (∼8%), and interleukin (IL)-5 (∼14%) concentrations, whereas the non-alcoholic fraction of beer (mainly polyphenols) increased the receptor antagonist of IL-1 (∼24%), and decreased lymphocyte expression of lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (∼11%), lymphocyte and monocyte expression of Sialil-Lewis X (∼16%) and monocyte expression of CCR2 (∼31%), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-β (∼14%) and IL-15 (∼22%) plasma concentrations.
Apolipoprotein A-II: evaluating its significance in dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance, and atherosclerosis.
Perth, Australia. In Ann Med, 2012
ApoA-II, a constituent apolipoprotein of certain HDL particles, plays an important role in the regulation of cholesterol efflux, HDL remodelling, and cholesteryl ester uptake via its interactions with lipid transfer proteins, lipases, and cellular HDL receptors.
A multicenter comparison of lovastatin and cholestyramine therapy for severe primary hypercholesterolemia. The Lovastatin Study Group III.
In Jama, 1988
Cholestyramine resin treatment had no significant effect on very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-II levels and produced a median 11% increase in plasma triglyceride concentration; in contrast, administration of either 20 or 40 mg of lovastatin twice a day was associated with median reductions in very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (-34% and -31%, respectively) and plasma triglyceride levels (-21% and -27%, respectively) and median increases in levels of apolipoprotein A-II (8% and 13%, respectively).