Clinical usefulness of lipid ratios, visceral adiposity indicators, and the triglycerides and glucose index as risk markers of insulin resistance.
In Cardiovasc Diabetol, 20 Nov 2014
UNLABELLED: BackgroundTo directly compare traditional lipid ratios (total cholesterol [TC]/high density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], non-HDL-C/HDL-C, low density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C]/HDL-C, and triglycerides [TG]/HDL-C), apolipoprotein B (apoB)/apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) ratio, visceral adiposity index (VAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), and the product of TG and fasting glucose (TyG) for strength and independence as risk factors for insulin resistance (IR).MethodsWe conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 7629 Chinese adults using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 2009.ResultsFor all lipid ratios (traditional lipid ratios and apoB/apoA-I), among both sexes, TG/HDL-C explained the most additional percentage of variation in HOMA-IR (2.9% in men, and 2.3% in women); for all variables of interest, the variability in HOMA-IR explained by VAI and TG/HDL-C were comparable; TyG had the most significant association with HOMA-IR, which explained 9.1% for men and 7.8% for women of the variability in HOMA-IR.
Paraoxonase 1 and HDL maturation.
Vallejo, United States. In Clin Chim Acta, 24 Oct 2014
The crucial phase will be achieved when human kinetic studies (both in the fasting and the post-prandial state) on HDL -PON1, apoA-I and lipids fate in the circulation are carried out.
Residual macrovascular risk in 2013: what have we learned?
Basel, Switzerland. In Cardiovasc Diabetol, Dec 2013
The Residual Risk Reduction Initiative (R3i) has previously highlighted atherogenic dyslipidaemia, defined as the imbalance between proatherogenic triglyceride-rich apolipoprotein B-containing-lipoproteins and antiatherogenic apolipoprotein A-I-lipoproteins (as in high-density lipoprotein, HDL), as an important modifiable contributor to lipid-related residual cardiovascular risk, especially in insulin-resistant conditions.
Control of angiogenesis by AIBP-mediated cholesterol efflux.
San Diego, United States. In Nature, Jul 2013
To prevent cholesterol overload, ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters mediate cholesterol efflux from the cells to apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) and the apoA-I-containing high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
Lipid-related markers and cardiovascular disease prediction.
In Jama, 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adding information on apolipoprotein B and apolipoprotein A-I, lipoprotein(a), or lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 to total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) improves cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction.