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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 02 Oct 2014.

Glutamic-pyruvate transaminase

alanine aminotransferase, glutamic pyruvic transaminase
human homolog is a cytosolic alanine aminotransferase [RGD, Feb 2006] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: HAD, AGE, CAN, ACID, fibrillin-1
Papers using alanine aminotransferase antibodies
Pregnane X receptor is a target of farnesoid X receptor.
Pesce Maurizio, In PLoS ONE, 2005
... Serum content of total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, LDL, glucose and alanine aminotransferase were measured by enzymatic assays (Wako Chemicals; Osaka, Japan).
Papers on alanine aminotransferase
Could selenium administration alleviate the disturbances of blood parameters caused by lithium administration in rats?
Musik et al., Lublin, Poland. In Biol Trace Elem Res, Jun 2014
The following biochemical parameters were measured: concentrations of sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, urea, creatinine, cholesterol, glucose, total protein and albumin and activities of alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase in serum as well as whole blood superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase.
The effect of sunitinib on the plasma exposure of intravenous paracetamol and its major metabolite: paracetamol glucuronide.
Grześkowiak et al., Poznań, Poland. In Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet, Apr 2014
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and bilirubin were analysed before and after drug administration.
Circulating extracellular vesicles as a potential source of new biomarkers of drug-induced liver injury.
Shi et al., United States. In Toxicol Lett, Apr 2014
The expression profile of mRNAs in EVs and the compartmentalization of miRNAs within EVs or other blood fractions were found to be indicative of the offending drug involved in DILI, thus providing more informative assessment of liver injury than using alanine aminotransferase alone.
Definitive chemoradiotherapy with FOLFOX versus fluorouracil and cisplatin in patients with oesophageal cancer (PRODIGE5/ACCORD17): final results of a randomised, phase 2/3 trial.
Fédération Francophone de Cancérologie Digestive and UNICANCER-GI Group et al., Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France. In Lancet Oncol, Mar 2014
Of all-grade adverse events that occurred in 5% or more of patients, paraesthesia (61 [47%] events in 131 patients in the FOLFOX group vs three [2%] in 128 patients in the cisplatin-fluorouracil group, p<0·0001), sensory neuropathy (24 [18%] vs one [1%], p<0·0001), increases in aspartate aminotransferase concentrations (14 [11%] vs two [2%], p=0·002), and increases in alanine aminotransferase concentrations (11 [8%] vs two [2%], p=0·012) were more common in the FOLFOX group, whereas serum creatinine increases (four [3%] vs 15 [12%], p=0·007), mucositis (35 [27%] vs 41 [32%], p=0·011), and alopecia (two [2%] vs 12 [9%], p=0·005) were more common in the fluorouracil and cisplatin group.
Oral teriflunomide for patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (TOWER): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial.
TOWER Trial Group et al., Lyon, France. In Lancet Neurol, Mar 2014
The most common adverse events were alanine aminotransferase increases (32 [8%] of 385 patients in the placebo group vs 46 [11%] of 409 patients in the teriflunomide 7 mg group vs 52 [14%] of 371 patients in the teriflunomide 14 mg group), hair thinning (17 [4%] vs 42 [10%] vs 50 [13%]), and headache (42 [11%] vs 60 [15%] vs 46 [12%]).
A56: macrophage activation syndrome in patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis treated with tocilizumab.
De Benedetti et al., Genova, Italy. In Arthritis Rheumatol, Mar 2014
Reported MAS events or disease flares associated with alanine aminotransferase/aspartate aminotransferase (ALT/AST) elevations were collected.
Reduction of adverse effects from intravenous acetylcysteine treatment for paracetamol poisoning: a randomised controlled trial.
Gray et al., Edinburgh, United Kingdom. In Lancet, Mar 2014
Prespecified secondary outcomes included a greater than 50% increase in alanine aminotransferase activity over the admission value.
Docetaxel plus nintedanib versus docetaxel plus placebo in patients with previously treated non-small-cell lung cancer (LUME-Lung 1): a phase 3, double-blind, randomised controlled trial.
LUME-Lung 1 Study Group et al., Germany. In Lancet Oncol, Feb 2014
Grade 3 or worse adverse events that were more common in the docetaxel plus nintedanib group than in the docetaxel plus placebo group were diarrhoea (43 [6·6%] of 652 vs 17 [2·6%] of 655), reversible increases in alanine aminotransferase (51 [7·8%] vs six [0·9%]), and reversible increases in aspartate aminotransferase (22 [3·4%] vs three [0·5%]).
Effects of pentoxifylline on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a meta-analysis.
Li et al., Hangzhou, China. In World J Gastroenterol, Feb 2014
The results showed that compared to placebo, pentoxifylline therapy resulted in a significant decrease in body weight (P = 0.04), alanine aminotransferase (P < 0.00001), aspartate transaminase (P = 0.0006), glucose (P = 0.0008) and tumor necrosis factor-α (P = 0.007), but did not significantly affect body mass index (P = 0.28), total cholesterol (P = 0.80), triglyceride (P = 0.98), alkaline phosphatase (P = 0.29), γ-glutamyl transferase (P = 0.39) and interleukin-6 (P = 0.38).
Drug-induced liver injury.
Talwalkar et al., Rochester, United States. In Mayo Clin Proc, Jan 2014
Suspected cases of idiosyncratic DILI should be categorized as hepatitic, cholestatic, or mixed on the basis of the degree/ratio of abnormalities in the alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase.
Hepatitis E seroprevalence among blood donors: A pilot study from Western India.
Patel et al., Ahmadābād, India. In Asian J Transfus Sci, Jan 2014
Out of 460 donors, 22 (4.78%) donors were tested positive for IgM anti-HEV and the mean value alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was 26.06 IU/L, the highest being 93.5 IU/L.
Pazopanib versus sunitinib in metastatic renal-cell carcinoma.
Choueiri et al., New York City, United States. In N Engl J Med, Sep 2013
Patients treated with sunitinib, as compared with those treated with pazopanib, had a higher incidence of fatigue (63% vs. 55%), the hand-foot syndrome (50% vs. 29%), and thrombocytopenia (78% vs. 41%); patients treated with pazopanib had a higher incidence of increased levels of alanine aminotransferase (60%, vs. 43% with sunitinib).
Herbal medicines for fatty liver diseases.
Liu et al., Beijing, China. In Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2012
A large number of trials reported positive effects on putative surrogate outcomes such as serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, glutamyltransferase, alkaline phosphatases, ultrasound, and computed tomography scan.
Laquinimod for multiple sclerosis.
Wu et al., Guiyang, China. In Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2012
The most common adverse events included headache, back pain, arthralgia, diarrhoea, cough, urinary tract infection, elevated alanine aminotransferase, insomnia, nausea, abdominal pain and sinusitis.
Alanine aminotransferase isoenzymes: molecular cloning and quantitative analysis of tissue expression in rats and serum elevation in liver toxicity.
Gong et al., Baltimore, United States. In Hepatology, 2009
Protein levels are significantly elevated and correlate with activity, providing the molecular basis for the elevated total serum enzyme activity in liver toxicity.
The early effects of short-term dexamethasone administration on hepatic and serum alanine aminotransferase in the rat.
Amacher et al., New London, United States. In Drug Chem Toxicol, 2007
Report the early effects of short-term dexamethasone administration on hepatic and serum alanine aminotransferase in the rat.
The effects of exogenous l-carnitine on lipid peroxidation and tissue damage in an experimental warm hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury model.
Aydin et al., Mercin, Turkey. In Curr Ther Res Clin Exp, 2007
Malondialdehyde (MDA) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels of both plasma and liver tissue, total antioxidant capacity (TAOC), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels in plasma, and histopathologic examination were analyzed to assess lipid peroxidation and damage in liver tissue.
The differences in selected biochemical markers and histological findings after bile duct ligation in male and female rats.
Nozicka et al., Hradec Králové, Czech Republic. In Adv Clin Path, 2001
Although ALT and GMT activities and TNF-alpha and IL-6 concentrations were higher in male rats histopathological findings have shown slightly more advanced fibrotic and inflammatory changes in female rats.
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