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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 28 Jan 2015.

Glutamic-pyruvate transaminase

alanine aminotransferase, glutamic pyruvic transaminase
human homolog is a cytosolic alanine aminotransferase [RGD, Feb 2006] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: HAD, AGE, CAN, ACID, Serum albumin
Papers using alanine aminotransferase antibodies
Pregnane X receptor is a target of farnesoid X receptor.
Supplier
Pesce Maurizio, In PLoS ONE, 2005
... Serum content of total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, LDL, glucose and alanine aminotransferase were measured by enzymatic assays (Wako Chemicals; Osaka, Japan).
Papers on alanine aminotransferase
Gamma glutamyl transferase and oxidative stress in obstructive sleep apnea: a study in 1744 patients.
New
Capote et al., Sevilla, Spain. In Sleep Breath, 27 Feb 2015
The following variables were determined: glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, aspartate aminotransferase (GOT), alanine aminotransferase (GPT), GGT, body mass index, waist-hip ratio (WHR), and overnight sleep study.
Genistein modulates the expression of NF-ĸB and MAPK (p-38 and ERK1/2), thereby attenuating D-Galactosamine induced fulminant hepatic failure in wistar rats.
New
Farooqi et al., New Delhi, India. In Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, 22 Feb 2015
The hepatoprotective and curative effects of Genistein were evident from a significant decrease in the serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels as well as prevention of histological damage by pre-treatment of Genistein.
Experimental infection of Z:ZCLA Mongolian gerbils with human hepatitis E virus.
New
Chen et al., Hangzhou, China. In World J Gastroenterol, 21 Feb 2015
Serum anti-HEV IgG and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.
Abiraterone acetate plus prednisone versus placebo plus prednisone in chemotherapy-naive men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (COU-AA-302): final overall survival analysis of a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 study.
New
Impact
for the COU-AA-302 Investigators et al., San Francisco, United States. In Lancet Oncol, 15 Feb 2015
The most common grade 3-4 adverse events of special interest were cardiac disorders (41 [8%] of 542 patients in the abiraterone acetate group vs 20 [4%] of 540 patients in the placebo group), increased alanine aminotransferase (32 [6%] vs four [<1%]), and hypertension (25 [5%] vs 17 [3%]).
Anti-tumour necrosis factor agent and liver injury: Literature review, recommendations for management.
Review
New
Murray et al., London, United Kingdom. In World J Gastroenterol, 14 Jan 2015
Although some authors recommend discontinuing treatment in case of both a rise of alanine aminotransferase more than 5 times the upper limit of normal, or the occurrence of jaundice, there are no standard guidelines for the management of anti-TNF-related liver injury.
Clinical study on treatment of chronic viral cholestatic hepatitis with chishaodanpi decoction.
New
Shao et al., In J Tradit Chin Med, 31 Dec 2014
Before and after the trial, changes in liver function including total bilirubin (TBil), direct bilirubin (DBil), total bile acid (TBA), and the activities of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT), were all detected.
Ameliorative Effects of 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (5-HMF) from Schisandra chinensis on Alcoholic Liver Oxidative Injury in Mice.
New
Wang et al., Changchun, China. In Int J Mol Sci, 31 Dec 2014
Our results showed that the activities of ALT (alanine aminotransferase), AST (aspartate transaminase), TC (total cholesterol), TG (triglyceride), L-DLC (low density lipoprotein) in serum and the levels of MDA (malondialdehyde) in liver tissue, decreased significantly (p < 0.05) in the 5-HMF-treated group compared with the alcohol group.
Long-term safety and efficacy of factor IX gene therapy in hemophilia B.
New
Impact
Davidoff et al., Aş Şanamayn, Syria. In N Engl J Med, 20 Dec 2014
A transient increase in the mean alanine aminotransferase level to 86 IU per liter (range, 36 to 202) occurred between week 7 and week 10 in 4 of the 6 patients in the high-dose group but resolved over a median of 5 days (range, 2 to 35) after prednisolone treatment.
Farnesoid X nuclear receptor ligand obeticholic acid for non-cirrhotic, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (FLINT): a multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled trial.
New
Impact
for the NASH Clinical Research Network et al., Saint Louis, United States. In Lancet, 07 Dec 2014
A planned interim analysis of change in alanine aminotransferase at 24 weeks undertaken before end-of-treatment (72 weeks) biopsies supported the decision to continue the trial (relative change in alanine aminotransferase -24%, 95% CI -45 to -3).
Safety and efficacy of idalopirdine, a 5-HT6 receptor antagonist, in patients with moderate Alzheimer's disease (LADDER): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial.
New
Impact
Colding-Jørgensen et al., Southampton, United Kingdom. In Lancet Neurol, Nov 2014
The most common adverse events (occurring in >3% of patients) were increased γ-glutamyltransferase (14 [10%] patients in the idalopirdine group vs two [2%] in the placebo group), diarrhoea (six [4%] vs nine [7%]), urinary tract infection (three [2%] vs nine [7%]), fall (three [2%] vs eight [6%]), increased alanine aminotransferase (nine [6%] vs none), and benign prostatic hyperplasia (two [5%] vs none).
Systematic review: identifying patients with chronic hepatitis C in need of early treatment and intensive monitoring--predictors and predictive models of disease progression.
Review
New
Lok et al., Ann Arbor, United States. In Aliment Pharmacol Ther, Oct 2014
Multivariate analyses showed that baseline steatosis and baseline fibrosis score were the most consistent predictors of fibrosis progression (significant in 6/21 and 5/21, studies, respectively) while baseline platelet count (significant in 6/13 studies), aspartate and alanine aminotransferase (AST/ALT) ratio, albumin, bilirubin and age (each significant in 4/13 studies) were the most consistent predictors of clinical outcomes.
Oral teriflunomide for patients with a first clinical episode suggestive of multiple sclerosis (TOPIC): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial.
New
Impact
TOPIC Study Group et al., New York City, United States. In Lancet Neurol, Oct 2014
Adverse events that occurred in at least 10% of patients in either teriflunomide group and with an incidence that was at least 2% higher than that with placebo were increased alanine aminotransferase (40 [19%] of 216 patients in the 14 mg group, 36 [17%] of 207 in the 7 mg group vs 27 [14%] of 191 in the placebo group), hair thinning (25 [12%] and 12 [6%] vs 15 [8%]), diarrhoea (23 [11%] and 28 [14%] vs 12 [6%]), paraesthesia (22 [10%] and 11 [5%] vs 10 [5%]), and upper respiratory tract infection (20 [9%] and 23 [11%] vs 14 [7%]).
An approach to acanthosis nigricans.
Review
New
Phiske, Mumbai, India. In Indian Dermatol Online J, Jul 2014
Other investigations needed are fasting lipoprotein profile, fasting glucose, fasting insulin, hemoglobin and alanine aminotransferase for obesity associated AN and radiological investigations (plain radiography, ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging/computerized tomography) for malignancy associated AN.
[A family with two children diagnosed with aspartylglucosaminuria-case report and literature review].
Review
New
Chen et al., Beijing, China. In Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi, Jun 2014
Blood biochemistry showed alanine aminotransferase 67.1 U/L, aspartate aminotransferase 74.1 U/L, serum albumin 32.8 g/L, direct bilirubin 10.5 µmol/L, lactate dehydrogenase 301.7 U/L.
Androgens for the anaemia of chronic kidney disease in adults.
Review
Wu et al., Seoul, South Korea. In Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2013
The small number of included studies, and low participant numbers adversely influenced evidence quality overall.We found limited evidence (1 study, 24 participants) to indicate that oxymetholone can increase haemoglobin (Hb) (MD 1.90 g/dL, 95% CI 1.66 to 2.14), haematocrit (HCT) (MD 27.10%, 95% CI 26.49 to 27.71), change in albumin (MD 4.91 g/L, 95% CI 3.69 to 6.13), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (MD 54.50 U/L, 95% CI 43.94 to 65.06), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (MD 47.33 U/L, 95% CI 37.69 to 56.97); and decrease high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (MD -15.66 mg/dL, 95% CI -24.84 to -6.48).
Alanine aminotransferase isoenzymes: molecular cloning and quantitative analysis of tissue expression in rats and serum elevation in liver toxicity.
GeneRIF
Gong et al., Baltimore, United States. In Hepatology, 2009
Protein levels are significantly elevated and correlate with activity, providing the molecular basis for the elevated total serum enzyme activity in liver toxicity.
The early effects of short-term dexamethasone administration on hepatic and serum alanine aminotransferase in the rat.
GeneRIF
Amacher et al., New London, United States. In Drug Chem Toxicol, 2007
Report the early effects of short-term dexamethasone administration on hepatic and serum alanine aminotransferase in the rat.
The differences in selected biochemical markers and histological findings after bile duct ligation in male and female rats.
GeneRIF
Nozicka et al., Hradec Králové, Czech Republic. In Adv Clin Path, 2001
Although ALT and GMT activities and TNF-alpha and IL-6 concentrations were higher in male rats histopathological findings have shown slightly more advanced fibrotic and inflammatory changes in female rats.
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