Systematic review with meta-analysis: HIF-1α attenuates liver ischemia-reperfusion injury.
Chengdu, China. In Transplant Rev (orlando), Jul 2015
In vivo animal studies showed different HIF-1α expression and distribution patterns in the ischemia and reperfusion stage due to distinctive partial oxygen pressure gradient intra-liver, and 5 animal studies (n=66) showed that stabilized HIF-1α treatment was associated with lower alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (SMD = -1.58;
Regorafenib plus best supportive care versus placebo plus best supportive care in Asian patients with previously treated metastatic colorectal cancer (CONCUR): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial.
Shanghai, China. In Lancet Oncol, Jun 2015
The most frequent grade 3 or higher regorafenib-related adverse events were hand-foot skin reaction (22 [16%] of 136 patients in the regorafenib group vs none in the placebo group), hypertension (15 [11%] vs two [3%] of 68 patients in the placebo group), hyperbilirubinaemia (nine [7%] vs one [1%]), hypophosphataemia (nine [7%] vs none), alanine aminotransferase concentration increases (nine [7%] vs none), aspartate aminotransferase concentration increases (eight [6%] vs none), lipase concentration increases (six [4%] vs one [1%]), and maculopapular rash (six [4%] vs none).
Primary biliary cirrhosis: Pathophysiology, clinical presentation and therapy.
Royal Oak, United States. In World J Hepatol, Jun 2015
A variant, called PBC-autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) overlap, is characterized by the above findings of PBC together with findings of elevated serum alanine aminotransferase, elevated serum immunoglobulin G, and circulating anti-smooth muscle antibodies, with liver biopsy demonstrating periportal or periseptal, lymphocytic, piecemeal necrosis.