Activation of TGF-β-induced non-Smad signaling pathways during Th17 differentiation.
Regensburg, Germany. In Immunol Cell Biol, 01 May 2015
Using protein antibody arrays we found an increase of expression and phosphorylation of the following Smad-independent signaling molecules in Th17-polarized wild-type T cells: AKT1(Tyr474), AKT2 (Ser474), ERK1-p44/42 MAPK(Tyr204), mTOR(Thr2446), p38 MAPK(Thr180), Rac1/cdc42(Ser71), SAPK/JNK(Tyr185) and SP1(Thr739).
mTOR Signaling in Epilepsy: Insights from Malformations of Cortical Development.
Philadelphia, United States. In Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med, Dec 2014
Mutations in mTOR regulatory genes (e.g., TSC1, TSC2, AKT3, DEPDC5) have been associated with several focal MCD highly associated with epilepsy such as tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), hemimegalencephaly (HME; brain malformation associated with dramatic enlargement of one brain hemisphere), and cortical dysplasia.
Comparative genomic hybridisation array and DNA sequencing to direct treatment of metastatic breast cancer: a multicentre, prospective trial (SAFIR01/UNICANCER).
Villejuif, France. In Lancet Oncol, Mar 2014
117 (39%) of 297 patients with genomic tests available presented with rare genomic alterations (defined as occurring in less than 5% of the general population), including AKT1 mutations, and EGFR, MDM2, FGFR2, AKT2, IGF1R, and MET high-level amplifications.
Advances in small bowel neuroendocrine neoplasia.
Rochester, United States. In Curr Opin Gastroenterol, Mar 2014
Candidate therapeutically relevant alterations were found to affect SRC, SMAD genes, aurora kinase A, epidermal growth factor receptor, heat shock protein 90, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor as well as mutually exclusive amplification of RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1) or AKT2 and other alterations of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling genes.
The role of the dysfunctional akt-related pathway in cancer: establishment and maintenance of a malignant cell phenotype, resistance to therapy, and future strategies for drug development.
Philadelphia, United States. In Scientifica (cairo), 2012
Akt is present in three isoforms: Akt1, Akt2, and Akt3, which may be alternatively named PKB α , PKB β , and PKB γ , respectively.