The regulation of neuronal mitochondrial metabolism by calcium.
Madrid, Spain. In J Physiol, Sep 2015
The aspartate-glutamate exchanger Aralar/AGC1 (Slc25a12), a component of the malate-aspartate shuttle (MAS), is stimulated by modest increases in cytosolic Ca(2+) and upregulates respiration in cortical neurons by enhancing pyruvate supply into mitochondria.
Genetics of digital osteoarthritis.
Canada. In Joint Bone Spine, 2011
Many candidate-gene studies found associations with AGC1, ASPN, ENPP1, HFE, KL, VDR, IL-1 cluster, and IL-6, although the results were not consistently reproducible.
AGC1 deficiency associated with global cerebral hypomyelination.
Stockholm, Sweden. In N Engl J Med, 2009
The mitochondrial aspartate-glutamate carrier isoform 1 (AGC1), specific to neurons and muscle, supplies aspartate to the cytosol and, as a component of the malate-aspartate shuttle, enables mitochondrial oxidation of cytosolic NADH, thought to be important in providing energy for neurons in the central nervous system.
Genetic associations in peripheral joint osteoarthritis and spinal degenerative disease: a systematic review.
Norwich, United Kingdom. In Ann Rheum Dis, 2008
We found relatively few instances in which a specific gene-disease association had been analysed by more than one study, and there were 14 cases in which significant associations were replicated in independent studies (at joints associated with the AGC1, ASPN, COL9A2, COL9A3, COL11A2, ESR1, FZRB, HFE, IL1A, IL1RN, PTGS2 and VDR genes).