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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 11 Dec 2014.


This gene encodes alpha-fetoprotein, a major plasma protein produced by the yolk sac and the liver during fetal life. Alpha-fetoprotein expression in adults is often associated with hepatoma or teratoma. However, hereditary persistance of alpha-fetoprotein may also be found in individuals with no obvious pathology. The protein is thought to be the fetal counterpart of serum albumin, and the alpha-fetoprotein and albumin genes are present in tandem in the same transcriptional orientation on chromosome 4. Alpha-fetoprotein is found in monomeric as well as dimeric and trimeric forms, and binds copper, nickel, fatty acids and bilirubin. The level of alpha-fetoprotein in amniotic fluid is used to measure renal loss of protein to screen for spina bifida and anencephaly. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: CAN, HAD, AGE, PrP, ACID
Papers using AFP antibodies
Magnetically enhanced high-specificity virus detection using bio-activated magnetic nanoparticles with antibodies as labeling markers
Yang Hong-Chang et al., In International Journal of Nanomedicine, 2009
... The reagent for assaying AFP consists of magnetic nanoparticles (MF-DEX-0060, MagQu, New Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China) functionalized with antibodies (ab40942; Abcam, Cambridge, MA), against AFP ...
27 kDa extracellular matrix protein revealed by a monoclonal antibody raised against rat testis.
Uversky Vladimir N., In PLoS ONE, 1999
... Human AFP (#105-10, Lee Biosolutions, Inc., USA) was purified ...
The synthesis and use of activated N-benzyl derivatives of diethylenetriaminetetraacetic acids: alternative reagents for labeling of antibodies with metal ions
Hemmilä Ilkka A. et al., In Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 1988
... and hCGβ and AFP-coated cups and calibrators were from the DELFIA Xpress Free hCGβ and AFP Immunoassay Kits (PerkinElmer).
Papers on AFP
Comparative analysis of cytotoxic T lymphocyte response induced by dendritic cells pulsed with recombinant adeno-associated virus carrying α-fetoprotein gene or cancer cell lysate.
Song et al., Jinan, China. In Mol Med Report, 08 Jan 2015
In the present study, recombinant adeno‑associated virus carrying the α‑fetoprotein gene (rAAV/AFP) and cancer cell lysates were used to pulse antigen‑presenting dendritic cells (DCs) in order to stimulate a cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response against HCC.
Transforming growth factor-β1 gene expression in hepatocellular carcinoma: A preliminary report.
Hamza et al., Al Jīzah, Egypt. In Arab J Gastroenterol, 01 Jan 2015
p=0.036) and significant negative correlation with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) (r=-0.528,
337 promoter-dependent silencing of reprogramming transcription factors in mouse induced pluripotent stem cells produced with sleeping beauty transposon vectors.
Niemann et al., Neustadt, Germany. In Reprod Fertil Dev, 31 Dec 2014
Moreover, these cells also showed ability to differentiate in vitro into cells from the 3 germ layers (contracting cardiac myocytes, neurons, epithelia) expressing differentiation markers Afp, Sox17, Gata4, Gata6, cardiac troponin, nestin, and PGP 9.5.
Kues et al., Germany. In Reprod Fertil Dev, 31 Dec 2014
The formed EB exhibited the expression of mCherry in their cells and expressed differentiation markers, such as NESTIN, TUJI, GATA4 and AFP.
341 feline embryonic stem-like cells derived from in vitro-produced blastocysts retain in vitro differentiation potential.
Techakumphu et al., Bangkok, Thailand. In Reprod Fertil Dev, 31 Dec 2014
In vitro differentiation into embryoid bodies (EB) was induced by the hanging drop technique, and EB samples (n=5 for each time point) were tested for the expression of TTR, AFP, T (Bracyury), NKX2.5, MAP-2, and NESTIN genes at 0, 7, and 14 days of culture.
Ice-binding proteins: a remarkable diversity of structures for stopping and starting ice growth.
Davies, Kingston, Canada. In Trends Biochem Sci, 30 Nov 2014
AFP ice-binding sites are typically flat, extensive, relatively hydrophobic, and are thought to organize water into an ice-like arrangement that merges and freezes with the quasi-liquid layer next to the ice lattice.
Diagnostic accuracy of Golgi protein 73 in primary hepatic carcinoma using ELISA: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Bao et al., In Clin Lab, Dec 2013
CONCLUSIONS: Serum GP73 has a relatively high diagnostic accuracy in primary hepatic carcinoma with better sensitivity and high specificity than AFP.
Alpha-fetoprotein: a renaissance.
Moldogazieva et al., Moscow, Russia. In Tumour Biol, Aug 2013
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a major mammalian embryo-specific and tumor-associated protein that is also present in small quantities in adults at normal conditions.
Review of the adenocarcinoma cell surface receptor for human alpha-fetoprotein; proposed identification of a widespread mucin as the tumor cell receptor.
Mizejewski, Albany, United States. In Tumour Biol, Jun 2013
The identification of a tumor cell receptor for alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) has long been sought in the field of medicine.
Expression and role of icam-1 in the occurrence and development of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Gong et al., Chongqing, China. In Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2012
ICAM-1 has diagnostic significance for AFP-negative or suspected HCC, and may be a prognositic significance.
Epigenetic regulation of GATA4 expression by histone modification in AFP-producing gastric adenocarcinoma.
Kishimoto et al., Chiba, Japan. In Exp Mol Pathol, 2012
The results indicated that histone deacetylation is a silencing mechanism for GATA4 expression in AFP-producing gastric cancer cells.
Serum DKK1 as a protein biomarker for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma: a large-scale, multicentre study.
Qin et al., Shanghai, China. In Lancet Oncol, 2012
Furthermore, DKK1 maintained diagnostic accuracy for patients with HCC who were α-fetoprotein (AFP) negative (0·841 [0·801-0·882], 70·4%, and 90·0% in the test cohort; 0·869 [0·815-0·923], 66·7%, and 87·2% in the validation cohort), including for patients with early-stage HCC (0·870 [0·829-0·911], 73·1%, and 90·0% in the test cohort; 0·893 [0·804-0·983], 72·2%, and 87·2% in the validation cohort), compared with all controls.
AFP level and histologic differentiation predict the survival of patients with liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma.
Tokat et al., İstanbul, Turkey. In Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int, 2012
Poor differentiation and higher AFP levels are indicators of poor prognosis after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma.
The significance of serum AFP cut-off values, 20 and 400 ng/mL in curatively resected patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis might be of difference.
Qu et al., Beijing, China. In Hepatogastroenterology, 2012
The two cut-off values of preoperative AFP levels might be of different implications in cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after curative resection.
Distinctions between clinicopathological factors and prognosis of alpha-fetoprotein negative and positive hepatocelluar carcinoma patients.
Zhang et al., Xi'an, China. In Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2011
High alpha-fetoprotein is associated with hepatocelluar carcinoma.
Diagnostic significance of alpha fetoprotein in carcinomas of liver and biliary tract - a comparative study from the western region of Nepal.
Hussain et al., Pokhara, Nepal. In Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2010
High alpha fetoprotein is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma.
BMP-4 is required for hepatic specification of mouse embryonic stem cell-derived definitive endoderm.
Keller et al., New York City, United States. In Nat Biotechnol, 2006
Specification of these progenitors with bone morphogenetic protein-4 in combination with basic fibroblast growth factor and activin A results in the development of hepatic populations highly enriched (45-70%) for cells that express the alpha-fetoprotein and albumin proteins.
Ordered surface carbons distinguish antifreeze proteins and their ice-binding regions.
McConkey et al., Waterloo, Canada. In Nat Biotechnol, 2006
However, the underlying molecular basis of their ice-binding activity is unclear because of the difficulty of studying the AFP-ice interaction directly and the lack of a common motif, domain or fold among different AFPs.
The initiation of liver development is dependent on Foxa transcription factors.
Kaestner et al., Philadelphia, United States. In Nature, 2005
In embryos deficient for both genes in the foregut endoderm, no liver bud is evident and expression of the hepatoblast marker alpha-fetoprotein (Afp) is lost.
Frequent somatic mutations of the transcription factor ATBF1 in human prostate cancer.
Dong et al., Atlanta, United States. In Nat Genet, 2005
Here we report that ATBF1, which encodes a transcription factor that negatively regulates AFP and MYB but transactivates CDKN1A, is a good candidate for the 16q22 tumor-suppressor gene.
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