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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 01 Sep 2015.

Alpha-fetoprotein

AFP
This gene encodes alpha-fetoprotein, a major plasma protein produced by the yolk sac and the liver during fetal life. Alpha-fetoprotein expression in adults is often associated with hepatoma or teratoma. However, hereditary persistance of alpha-fetoprotein may also be found in individuals with no obvious pathology. The protein is thought to be the fetal counterpart of serum albumin, and the alpha-fetoprotein and albumin genes are present in tandem in the same transcriptional orientation on chromosome 4. Alpha-fetoprotein is found in monomeric as well as dimeric and trimeric forms, and binds copper, nickel, fatty acids and bilirubin. The level of alpha-fetoprotein in amniotic fluid is used to measure renal loss of protein to screen for spina bifida and anencephaly. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: CAN, HAD, AGE, ACID, PrP
Papers using AFP antibodies
Magnetically enhanced high-specificity virus detection using bio-activated magnetic nanoparticles with antibodies as labeling markers
Supplier
Yang Hong-Chang et al., In International Journal of Nanomedicine, 2009
... The reagent for assaying AFP consists of magnetic nanoparticles (MF-DEX-0060, MagQu, New Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China) functionalized with antibodies (ab40942; Abcam, Cambridge, MA), against AFP ...
27 kDa extracellular matrix protein revealed by a monoclonal antibody raised against rat testis.
Supplier
Uversky Vladimir N., In PLoS ONE, 1999
... Human AFP (#105-10, Lee Biosolutions, Inc., USA) was purified ...
The synthesis and use of activated N-benzyl derivatives of diethylenetriaminetetraacetic acids: alternative reagents for labeling of antibodies with metal ions
Supplier
Hemmilä Ilkka A. et al., In Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 1988
... and hCGβ and AFP-coated cups and calibrators were from the DELFIA Xpress Free hCGβ and AFP Immunoassay Kits (PerkinElmer).
Papers on AFP
Diagnostic markers for germ cell neoplasms: from placental-like alkaline phosphatase to micro-RNAs.
New
Almstrup et al., Copenhagen, Denmark. In Folia Histochem Cytobiol, 26 Sep 2015
In some patients miR-based tests may be even more sensitive than the classical serum tumour markers, beta chorio-gonadotrophin (β-hCG), α-fetoprotein (AFP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), which are currently used in the clinic.
Elevated expression of FoxM1 promotes the tumor cell proliferation in hepatocellular carcinoma.
New
Wu et al., Xi'an, China. In Tumour Biol, 20 Sep 2015
FoxM1 expression was significantly associated with tumor stage, tumor size, tumor number, integrality of tumor encapsulation, tumor thrombus, and AFP level (P < 0.05).
AGXT2L1 is down-regulated in heptocellular carcinoma and associated with abnormal lipogenesis.
New
Yu et al., Wuhan, China. In J Clin Pathol, 20 Sep 2015
We also demonstrated that this down-regulation was associated with several clinicopathological features such as alpha fetoprotein (AFP) serum level and T stage.
Serum DHCR24 Auto-antibody as a new Biomarker for Progression of Hepatitis C.
New
Tsukiyama-Kohara et al., Casablanca, Morocco. In Ebiomedicine, Jun 2015
The sensitivity of the DHCR24 Ab for HCC-C detection (70.6%) was higher than that of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP; 54.8%) and protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVKA-II; 42 · 5%).
Current trends and recent advances in diagnosis, therapy, and prevention of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Review
New
Kuo et al., Tainan City, Taiwan. In Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, Dec 2014
Based on in-depth reviews of serological diagnosis of HCC, in addition to AFP, there are other biomarkers: Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive AFP (AFP-L3), des- carboxyprothrombin (DCP), tyrosine kinase with Ig and eprdermal growth factor (EGF) homology domains 2 (TIE2)-espressing monocytes (TEMs), glypican-3 (GPC3), Golgi protein 73 (GP73), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) have been proposed as biomarkers for the early detection of HCC.
Antifreeze proteins enable plants to survive in freezing conditions.
Review
New
Deswal et al., Delhi, India. In J Biosci, Dec 2014
In this review, we present the current scenario of plant AFP research in order to understand the possible potential of plant AFPs in generation of freezing-tolerant crops.
Prognostic and clinicopathological significance of MACC1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma patients: a meta-analysis.
Review
New
Lv et al., Changchun, China. In Int J Clin Exp Med, Dec 2014
Moreover, MACC1 over-expression was significantly associated with AFP level (OR = 1.31, 95% CI 1.03-1.68),
Proteomic Analysis of Fetal Ovary Reveals That Ovarian Developmental Potential Is Greater in Meishan Pigs than in Yorkshire Pigs.
New
Xu et al., China. In Plos One, Dec 2014
We also found that alpha-1-antitrypsin, actin, vimentin, and PP2A proteins promote the formation of primordial follicles in the ovaries of Yorkshire pigs on day 55 of gestation while low expression heat shock proteins and high expression alpha-fetoproteins (AFP) may promote Meishan fetal ovarian follicular development on day 90 of gestation.
The use of α-fetoprotein for the delivery of cytotoxic payloads to cancer cells.
Review
New
Pak, In Ther Deliv, Aug 2014
On the other hand, AFP-drug non-covalent complexes can exploit the natural role of the AFP as a nutrition delivery "shuttle".
The adenocarcinoma cell surface mucin receptor for alpha-fetoprotein: is the same receptor present on circulating monocytes and macrophages? A commentary.
Review
New
Mizejewski, Albany, United States. In Tumour Biol, Aug 2014
Recently, it was proposed that the alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) receptor, known to be present on solid epithelial-derived malignant tumor cells, can be identified as a mucin glycoprotein.
Epigenetic regulation of GATA4 expression by histone modification in AFP-producing gastric adenocarcinoma.
GeneRIF
Kishimoto et al., Chiba, Japan. In Exp Mol Pathol, 2012
The results indicated that histone deacetylation is a silencing mechanism for GATA4 expression in AFP-producing gastric cancer cells.
Serum DKK1 as a protein biomarker for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma: a large-scale, multicentre study.
Impact
Qin et al., Shanghai, China. In Lancet Oncol, 2012
Furthermore, DKK1 maintained diagnostic accuracy for patients with HCC who were α-fetoprotein (AFP) negative (0·841 [0·801-0·882], 70·4%, and 90·0% in the test cohort; 0·869 [0·815-0·923], 66·7%, and 87·2% in the validation cohort), including for patients with early-stage HCC (0·870 [0·829-0·911], 73·1%, and 90·0% in the test cohort; 0·893 [0·804-0·983], 72·2%, and 87·2% in the validation cohort), compared with all controls.
AFP level and histologic differentiation predict the survival of patients with liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma.
GeneRIF
Tokat et al., İstanbul, Turkey. In Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int, 2012
Poor differentiation and higher AFP levels are indicators of poor prognosis after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma.
The significance of serum AFP cut-off values, 20 and 400 ng/mL in curatively resected patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis might be of difference.
GeneRIF
Qu et al., Beijing, China. In Hepatogastroenterology, 2012
The two cut-off values of preoperative AFP levels might be of different implications in cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after curative resection.
Distinctions between clinicopathological factors and prognosis of alpha-fetoprotein negative and positive hepatocelluar carcinoma patients.
GeneRIF
Zhang et al., Xi'an, China. In Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2011
High alpha-fetoprotein is associated with hepatocelluar carcinoma.
Diagnostic significance of alpha fetoprotein in carcinomas of liver and biliary tract - a comparative study from the western region of Nepal.
GeneRIF
Hussain et al., Pokhara, Nepal. In Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2010
High alpha fetoprotein is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma.
BMP-4 is required for hepatic specification of mouse embryonic stem cell-derived definitive endoderm.
Impact
Keller et al., New York City, United States. In Nat Biotechnol, 2006
Specification of these progenitors with bone morphogenetic protein-4 in combination with basic fibroblast growth factor and activin A results in the development of hepatic populations highly enriched (45-70%) for cells that express the alpha-fetoprotein and albumin proteins.
Ordered surface carbons distinguish antifreeze proteins and their ice-binding regions.
Impact
McConkey et al., Waterloo, Canada. In Nat Biotechnol, 2006
However, the underlying molecular basis of their ice-binding activity is unclear because of the difficulty of studying the AFP-ice interaction directly and the lack of a common motif, domain or fold among different AFPs.
The initiation of liver development is dependent on Foxa transcription factors.
Impact
Kaestner et al., Philadelphia, United States. In Nature, 2005
In embryos deficient for both genes in the foregut endoderm, no liver bud is evident and expression of the hepatoblast marker alpha-fetoprotein (Afp) is lost.
Frequent somatic mutations of the transcription factor ATBF1 in human prostate cancer.
Impact
Dong et al., Atlanta, United States. In Nat Genet, 2005
Here we report that ATBF1, which encodes a transcription factor that negatively regulates AFP and MYB but transactivates CDKN1A, is a good candidate for the 16q22 tumor-suppressor gene.
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