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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 25 May 2015.

Alpha-fetoprotein

AFP
This gene encodes alpha-fetoprotein, a major plasma protein produced by the yolk sac and the liver during fetal life. Alpha-fetoprotein expression in adults is often associated with hepatoma or teratoma. However, hereditary persistance of alpha-fetoprotein may also be found in individuals with no obvious pathology. The protein is thought to be the fetal counterpart of serum albumin, and the alpha-fetoprotein and albumin genes are present in tandem in the same transcriptional orientation on chromosome 4. Alpha-fetoprotein is found in monomeric as well as dimeric and trimeric forms, and binds copper, nickel, fatty acids and bilirubin. The level of alpha-fetoprotein in amniotic fluid is used to measure renal loss of protein to screen for spina bifida and anencephaly. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: CAN, HAD, AGE, ACID, PrP
Papers using AFP antibodies
Magnetically enhanced high-specificity virus detection using bio-activated magnetic nanoparticles with antibodies as labeling markers
Supplier
Yang Hong-Chang et al., In International Journal of Nanomedicine, 2009
... The reagent for assaying AFP consists of magnetic nanoparticles (MF-DEX-0060, MagQu, New Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China) functionalized with antibodies (ab40942; Abcam, Cambridge, MA), against AFP ...
27 kDa extracellular matrix protein revealed by a monoclonal antibody raised against rat testis.
Supplier
Uversky Vladimir N., In PLoS ONE, 1999
... Human AFP (#105-10, Lee Biosolutions, Inc., USA) was purified ...
The synthesis and use of activated N-benzyl derivatives of diethylenetriaminetetraacetic acids: alternative reagents for labeling of antibodies with metal ions
Supplier
Hemmilä Ilkka A. et al., In Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 1988
... and hCGβ and AFP-coated cups and calibrators were from the DELFIA Xpress Free hCGβ and AFP Immunoassay Kits (PerkinElmer).
Papers on AFP
Spontaneous neoplastic remission of hepatocellular carcinoma.
New
Park et al., In Korean J Gastroenterol, 25 Jun 2015
Initial serum AFP level was 4,778 ng/mL.
Hepatoprotective and anti-tumor effects of targeting MMP-9 in hepatocellular carcinoma and its relation to vascular invasion markers.
New
El-Shishtawy et al., Cairo, Egypt. In Clin Exp Metastasis, 22 Jun 2015
Tumor severity was evaluated by measuring α-fetoprotein (AFP) levels, histopathologically by investigating liver sections stained with hematoxylin/eosin and assessing the survival rate.
Hepatoid carcinoma of the pancreas with lymphoid stroma: first description of the clinical, morphological, immunohistochemical, and molecular characteristics of an unusual pancreatic carcinoma.
New
Paulli et al., Pavia, Italy. In Virchows Arch, 20 Jun 2015
UNASSIGNED: We report a case of tumour in the head of the pancreas observed in a 57-year-old man with a history of worsening jaundice and elevated alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) serum level, who underwent Whipple pancreatoduodenectomy.
Considerations regarding current diagnosis and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Review
New
Purcarea et al., Craiova, Romania. In J Med Life, 30 Apr 2015
Abbreviations : AASLD = American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, AFP = Alpha-fetoprotein, AFP-L3 = Alpha-fetoprotein isoform 3, CEUS = Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography, DCP = Des-gamma-carboxy-prothrombin, DW-MRI = Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging, FNA = Fine neddle aspiration, Gd-EOB-DTPA = Gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid, GGT-II = Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase II, GP73 = Golgi protein 73, HCC = Hepatocellular carcinoma, HCCR-1 = Human cervical cancer proto-oncogene 1, IL-18 = Interleukin 18, MDCT = Multi-detector computed tomography, PET-CT = Positron emission tomography - computed tomography, SUV = Standardized Uptake Value.
Association of Serum Level of Growth Differentiation Factor 15 with Liver Cirrhosis and Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
New
Yang et al., Beijing, China. In Plos One, Dec 2014
Currently, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is used as a standard serum marker for the detection of HCC, but its sensitivity and specificity are unsatisfactory, and optimal diagnostic markers for cirrhosis are lacking.
Current Trends and Recent Advances in Diagnosis, Therapy, and Prevention of Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
Review
New
Kuo et al., Tainan City, Taiwan. In Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, Dec 2014
Based on in-depth reviews of serological diagnosis of HCC, in addition to AFP, there are other biomarkers: Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive AFP (AFP-L3), des- carboxyprothrombin (DCP), tyrosine kinase with Ig and eprdermal growth factor (EGF) homology domains 2 (TIE2)-espressing monocytes (TEMs), glypican-3 (GPC3), Golgi protein 73 (GP73), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) have been proposed as biomarkers for the early detection of HCC.
Garlic Oil Suppressed Nitrosodiethylamine-Induced Hepatocarcinoma in Rats by Inhibiting PI3K-AKT-NF-κB Pathway.
New
Xie et al., Jinan, China. In Int J Biol Sci, Dec 2014
The results showed that GO co-treatment significantly suppressed the NDEA-induced increases of alpha fetal protein (AFP) level in serum, nuclear atypia in H&E staining, sirius red-positive areas and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression.
The adenocarcinoma cell surface mucin receptor for alpha-fetoprotein: is the same receptor present on circulating monocytes and macrophages? A commentary.
Review
New
Mizejewski, Albany, United States. In Tumour Biol, Aug 2014
Recently, it was proposed that the alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) receptor, known to be present on solid epithelial-derived malignant tumor cells, can be identified as a mucin glycoprotein.
Dysregulated expression of dickkopfs for potential detection of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Review
New
Lee et al., Hong Kong, Hong Kong. In Expert Rev Mol Diagn, Jun 2014
In comparison to serum α-fetoprotein (AFP) level, which remains the gold standard for HCC diagnosis, high serum DKK1 levels have higher diagnostic value for HCC, especially for AFP-negative HCC, and can distinguish HCC from non-malignant chronic liver diseases.
Diagnostic accuracy of Golgi protein 73 in primary hepatic carcinoma using ELISA: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Review
Bao et al., In Clin Lab, 2013
CONCLUSIONS: Serum GP73 has a relatively high diagnostic accuracy in primary hepatic carcinoma with better sensitivity and high specificity than AFP.
Epigenetic regulation of GATA4 expression by histone modification in AFP-producing gastric adenocarcinoma.
GeneRIF
Kishimoto et al., Chiba, Japan. In Exp Mol Pathol, 2012
The results indicated that histone deacetylation is a silencing mechanism for GATA4 expression in AFP-producing gastric cancer cells.
Serum DKK1 as a protein biomarker for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma: a large-scale, multicentre study.
Impact
Qin et al., Shanghai, China. In Lancet Oncol, 2012
Furthermore, DKK1 maintained diagnostic accuracy for patients with HCC who were α-fetoprotein (AFP) negative (0·841 [0·801-0·882], 70·4%, and 90·0% in the test cohort; 0·869 [0·815-0·923], 66·7%, and 87·2% in the validation cohort), including for patients with early-stage HCC (0·870 [0·829-0·911], 73·1%, and 90·0% in the test cohort; 0·893 [0·804-0·983], 72·2%, and 87·2% in the validation cohort), compared with all controls.
AFP level and histologic differentiation predict the survival of patients with liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma.
GeneRIF
Tokat et al., İstanbul, Turkey. In Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int, 2012
Poor differentiation and higher AFP levels are indicators of poor prognosis after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma.
The significance of serum AFP cut-off values, 20 and 400 ng/mL in curatively resected patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis might be of difference.
GeneRIF
Qu et al., Beijing, China. In Hepatogastroenterology, 2012
The two cut-off values of preoperative AFP levels might be of different implications in cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after curative resection.
Distinctions between clinicopathological factors and prognosis of alpha-fetoprotein negative and positive hepatocelluar carcinoma patients.
GeneRIF
Zhang et al., Xi'an, China. In Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2011
High alpha-fetoprotein is associated with hepatocelluar carcinoma.
Diagnostic significance of alpha fetoprotein in carcinomas of liver and biliary tract - a comparative study from the western region of Nepal.
GeneRIF
Hussain et al., Pokhara, Nepal. In Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2010
High alpha fetoprotein is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma.
BMP-4 is required for hepatic specification of mouse embryonic stem cell-derived definitive endoderm.
Impact
Keller et al., New York City, United States. In Nat Biotechnol, 2006
Specification of these progenitors with bone morphogenetic protein-4 in combination with basic fibroblast growth factor and activin A results in the development of hepatic populations highly enriched (45-70%) for cells that express the alpha-fetoprotein and albumin proteins.
Ordered surface carbons distinguish antifreeze proteins and their ice-binding regions.
Impact
McConkey et al., Waterloo, Canada. In Nat Biotechnol, 2006
However, the underlying molecular basis of their ice-binding activity is unclear because of the difficulty of studying the AFP-ice interaction directly and the lack of a common motif, domain or fold among different AFPs.
The initiation of liver development is dependent on Foxa transcription factors.
Impact
Kaestner et al., Philadelphia, United States. In Nature, 2005
In embryos deficient for both genes in the foregut endoderm, no liver bud is evident and expression of the hepatoblast marker alpha-fetoprotein (Afp) is lost.
Frequent somatic mutations of the transcription factor ATBF1 in human prostate cancer.
Impact
Dong et al., Atlanta, United States. In Nat Genet, 2005
Here we report that ATBF1, which encodes a transcription factor that negatively regulates AFP and MYB but transactivates CDKN1A, is a good candidate for the 16q22 tumor-suppressor gene.
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