Small GTPases in peroxisome dynamics.
Heidelberg, Germany. In Biochim Biophys Acta, Feb 2016
The small GTPase ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (Arf1), for example, is known to stimulate synthesis of PI4P and PI(4,5)P2 on the Golgi to regulate protein and lipid sorting.
Amino acid sensing and activation of mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1: implications for skeletal muscle.
Melbourne, Australia. In Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care, Jan 2016
The mechanisms of amino acid sensing and mTORC1 signaling are emerging with multiple potential sensors (e.g., solute carrier family 38, member 9, lysosomal protein transmembrane 4 beta/solute carrier family 7, member 5-solute carrier family 3, member 2) and signal transducers (e.g., Sestrins, ADP-ribosylation factor 1, and microspherule protein 1) identified.
The Prediction of the Expected Current Selection Coefficient of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Associated with Holstein Milk Yield, Fat and Protein Contents.
Seoul, South Korea. In Asian-australas J Anim Sci, Jan 2016
They are phosphodiesterase 4B (PDE4B), serine/threonine kinase 40 (STK40), collagen, type XI, alpha 1 (COL11A1), ephrin-A1 (EFNA1), netrin 4 (NTN4), neuron specific gene family member 1 (NSG1), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1), neurexin 3 (NRXN3), spectrin, beta, non-erythrocytic 1 (SPTBN1), ADP-ribosylation factor interacting protein 1 (ARFIP1), mutL homolog 1 (MLH1), transmembrane channel-like 7 (TMC7), carboxypeptidase X, member 2 (CPXM2) and ADAM metallopeptidase domain 12 (ADAM12).
Phospholipase D signaling pathways and phosphatidic acid as therapeutic targets in cancer.
Nashville, United States. In Pharmacol Rev, 2014
In mammalian cells, the pathways modulating catalytic activity involve a variety of cellular signaling components, including G protein-coupled receptors, receptor tyrosine kinases, polyphosphatidylinositol lipids, Ras/Rho/ADP-ribosylation factor GTPases, and conventional isoforms of protein kinase C, among others.
Interleukin receptor activates a MYD88-ARNO-ARF6 cascade to disrupt vascular stability.
Salt Lake City, United States. In Nature, 2013
Here we show that the direct, immediate and disruptive effects of IL-1β on endothelial stability in a human in vitro cell model are NF-κB independent and are instead the result of signalling through the small GTPase ADP-ribosylation factor 6 (ARF6) and its activator ARF nucleotide binding site opener (ARNO; also known as CYTH2).