Inborn errors of purine metabolism: clinical update and therapies.
Perth, Australia. In J Inherit Metab Dis, 2014
At present, treatments for the clinically significant defects of the purine pathway are restricted: purine 5'-nucleotidase deficiency with uridine; familial juvenile hyperuricaemic nephropathy (FJHN), adenine phosphoribosyl transferase (APRT) deficiency, hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase (HPRT) deficiency and phosphoribosyl-pyrophosphate synthetase superactivity (PRPS) with allopurinol; adenosine deaminase (ADA) and purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) deficiencies have been treated by bone marrow transplantation (BMT), and ADA deficiency with enzyme replacement with polyethylene glycol (PEG)-ADA, or erythrocyte-encapsulated ADA; myeloadenylate deaminase (MADA) and adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL) deficiencies have had trials of oral ribose; PRPS, HPRT and adenosine kinase (ADK) deficiencies with S-adenosylmethionine; and molybdenum cofactor deficiency of complementation group A (MOCODA) with cyclic pyranopterin monophosphate (cPMP).
Thirteen years experience with selective screening for disorders in purine and pyrimidine metabolism.
Madrid, Spain. In Nucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids, 2013
In the last thirteen years, we have studied urine/plasma specimens from about 1600 patients and we have identified 35 patients: eight patients with adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency, eight patients with hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency, one patient with purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency, ten patients with xanthine dehydrogenase deficiency, six patients with molybdenum cofactor deficiency and two patients with dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency.