To edit or not to edit: regulation of ADAR editing specificity and efficiency.
Bloomington, United States. In Wiley Interdiscip Rev Rna, Jan 2016
Interestingly, during normal development, in specific cells, and in both neuropathological diseases and cancers, the extent of RNA editing does not directly correlate with levels of the substrate mRNA or the adenosine deaminase that act on RNA (ADAR) editing enzymes, implying that cellular factors are required for spatiotemporal regulation of A-to-I editing.
Genetic predisposition to bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
Birmingham, United States. In Semin Perinatol, Dec 2015
Pathway gene-set analysis in a North American cohort confirmed involvement of known pathways of lung development and repair (e.g., CD44 and phosphorus oxygen lyase activity) and indicated novel molecules and pathways (e.g., adenosine deaminase and targets of miR-219) involved in genetic predisposition to BPD.
The diagnosis of pleural effusions.
Lleida, Spain. In Expert Rev Respir Med, Dec 2015
Their precise etiological diagnosis depends on a combination of medical history, physical examination, imaging tests and pertinent pleural fluid analyses; including specific biomarkers (e.g., natriuretic peptides for heart failure, adenosine deaminase for tuberculosis, or mesothelin for mesothelioma).
Iron and Oxidative Stress in Parkinson's Disease: An Observational Study of Injury Biomarkers.
Rio Grande, Brazil. In Plos One, Dec 2015
Forty PD patients and 46 controls were recruited to compare serum levels of iron, ferritin, transferrin, oxidative stress markers (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), nitrosative stress marker (NOx), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), non-protein thiols (NPSH), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) and vitamin C) as well as inflammatory markers (NTPDases, ecto-5'-nucleotidase, adenosine deaminase (ADA), ischemic-modified albumin (IMA) and myeloperoxidase).
Early-onset stroke and vasculopathy associated with mutations in ADA2.
Aş Şanamayn, Syria. In N Engl J Med, 2014
RESULTS: All nine patients carried recessively inherited mutations in CECR1 (cat eye syndrome chromosome region, candidate 1), encoding adenosine deaminase 2 (ADA2), that were predicted to be deleterious; these mutations were rare or absent in healthy controls.
Recoding RNA editing of AZIN1 predisposes to hepatocellular carcinoma.
Hong Kong, Hong Kong. In Nat Med, 2013
A→I editing of AZIN1 transcripts, specifically regulated by ADAR1 (encoding adenosine deaminase acting on RNA-1), results in a serine-to-glycine substitution at residue 367 of AZIN1, located in β-strand 15 (β15) and predicted to cause a conformational change, induced a cytoplasmic-to-nuclear translocation and conferred gain-of-function phenotypes that were manifested by augmented tumor-initiating potential and more aggressive behavior.