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proteins. Page last changed on 19 Aug 2016.
This gene encodes a bifunctional enzyme containing phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase activity in its N-terminal region and phosphoribosylaminoimidazole succinocarboxamide synthetase in its C-terminal region. It catalyzes steps 6 and 7 of purine biosynthesis. The gene is closely linked and divergently transcribed with a locus that encodes an enzyme in the same pathway, and transcription of the two genes is coordinately regulated. The human genome contains several pseudogenes of this gene. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Clark et al., Fredericton, Canada. In Genetics, 2011
Data show the presence of apoptosis at the cellular level in both ade2 and Prat mutants, and the upregulated gene HtrA2, which encodes an apoptosis effector and is thus a candidate for initiating apoptosis in response to purine depletion.
In this study, differential estrogenicities of five isoflavonoids found in red clover and soy, including biochanin A, daidzein, formononetin, genistein and glycitein were examined in a yeast-based screen system with a classical palindromic estrogen response element (ERE)-ADE2 reporter and in a MCF-7 cell culture system with mRNA levels of ER-dependent genes compared.