This gene encodes a member of the DNase family. The protein, located in the lysosome, hydrolyzes DNA under acidic conditions and mediates the breakdown of DNA during erythropoiesis and apoptosis. Two codominant alleles have been characterized, DNASE2*L (low activity) and DNASE2*H (high activity), that differ at one nucleotide in the promoter region. The DNASE2*H allele is represented in this record. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Many nonsynonymous SNPs in the human DNase II gene (DNASE2), potentially relevant to autoimmunity in conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, have been identified, but only limited population data are available and no studies have evaluated whether such SNPs are functional.
Malecki et al., San Francisco, United States. In J Stem Cell Res Ther, 2013
SPECIFIC AIM: The specific aim was threefold: (1) to genetically engineer the DNA constructs for the human, recombinant DNASE1, DNASE1L3, DNASE2, DFFB controlled by POLA promoter; (2) to bioengineer anti-SSEA-4 antibody guided vectors delivering transgenes to human undifferentiated and proliferating pluripotent stem cells; (3) to cause death of proliferating and directed differentiation resisting stem cells by transgenic expression of the human recombinant the DNases (hrDNases).
Malecki et al., San Francisco, United States. In J Genet Syndr Gene Ther, 2013
SPECIFIC AIM: The specific aim of this project was threefold: (1) to bioengineer suicide genes' carrying vectors guided by synthetic antibodies for EGFRvIII and EGFR; (2) to genetically engineer DNA constructs for the human, recombinant DNASE1, DNASE1L3, DNASE2, and DFFB controlled by the EGFR promoter; (3) to selectively eradicate ovarian cancer cells by intranuclear targeting of the transgenically expressed recombinant DNases.
Fésüs et al., Debrecen, Hungary. In J Leukoc Biol, 2012
This gene expression pattern was reprogrammed when differentiation took place in the presence of the synthetic GC Dex, which increased the expression of phagocytosis receptors MERTK and CD14, the bridging molecule C1QA, DNASE2, and ADORA3.
Torriglia et al., Paris, France. In Int J Biochem Cell Biol, 2009
Here we show that in the long-term cultured HeLa cells which undergo caspase-independent death, PARP-1 co-immunoprecipitates with leukocyte elastase inhibitor-derived DNase II (L-DNase II), an acid DNase implicated in this death pathway and activated by serine proteases.
Wagner et al., Leipzig, Germany. In Arthritis Res Ther, 2008
Intriguingly, homozygosity for the RA associated DNASE2 -1066 G allele had an additive effect on the disease susceptibility conferred by the wt allele of CCR5 (OR = 2.24, P = 0.0051 for carrier of both RA associated alleles) CONCLUSIONS: The presence of CCR5d32 significantly influenced disease susceptibility to and clinical course of RA in a German study population.