Interleukin 6 increases the in vitro expression of key proteins associated with steroidogenesis in the bovine adrenal zona fasciculata.
Provo, United States. In Domest Anim Endocrinol, Nov 2015
Exposure (1 h) to IL-6 increased in a concentration-dependent manner (10-pg IL-6/mL, P < 0.05 vs control; 100-pg IL-6/mL, P < 0.01 vs control) the relative expression of the mRNAs and proteins for steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR), cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme (P450scc), 3β hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (3β HSD), 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase/17,20-desmolase (P450 17OH), steroid 21-hydroxylase (P450 21OH), steroid 11-β-hydroxylase type 1 (P450 11βOH), and steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1), a nuclear factor that increases StAR and steroidogenic enzymes (SEs) expression.
Adrenal steroidogenesis and congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
Ann Arbor, United States. In Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am, Jun 2015
21-Hydroxylase (21OHD) deficiency accounts for more than 90% of CAH cases and, when milder or nonclassic forms are included, 21OHD is one of the most common genetic diseases.
A Greek girl with 11β-hydroxylase deficiency due to compound heterozygosity for two novel mutations in CYP11B1 gene.
Athens, Greece. In Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep, 2014
In infancy and childhood adrenal androgen overproduction results in peripheral precocious puberty in boys and various degrees of virilization in girls.Accumulation of 11-deoxycorticosterone and its metabolites causes hypertension in about two thirds of patients.Diagnosis lies upon elevated 11-deoxycortisol and DOC plus upstream precursors, such as 17α-hydroxyprogesterone and Δ4-androstenedione.The established treatment of steroid 11β-OHD is similar to that of steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency and consists of glucocorticoid administration in order to reduce ACTH-driven DOC overproduction resulting in hypertension remission and improvement of the virilization symptoms.
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia.
North Bay Shore, United States. In F1000res, 2014
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia associated with deficiency of steroid 21-hydroxylase is the most common inborn error in adrenal function and the most common cause of adrenal insufficiency in the pediatric age group.